Category Archives: Publications

Subhash Park Tree Naming and Handbook Release

The Subhash Bose park which is maintained by the Center for Heritage, Environment and Development is rich in biodiversity.  Under the interact bio project, jointly conducted by Kochi Municipal Corporation, c-hed and ICLEI,  Mapping, Identification and Naming of trees in Subhash Bose Park were done. A total of 434 trees were identified  which included 61 species of 24 families of which 157 are indigenous trees and 277 are alien trees.

The tree naming ceremony and the handbook release were held in Subhash park on the 6th of February 2019. The trees were tied with boards containing their common name, scientific name and their native and the handbook containing details of the trees in the park was released by  Justice (retd.) K. Sukumaran, an enthusiast in environment conservation. Mayor Soumini Jain presided over the event which was also attended by Imani Kumar, director, ICLEI- South Asia. 

Trees of Subhash Chandra Bose Park

Kochi Water Policy

The city of Kochi is facing unique water related problems like continued increase in population due to urbanization and industrialization which is causing severe decline in the quality and quantity of water. It is against this background that the budget of the Kochi Municipal Corporation for the year 2014-2015 decided to have a local water policy for Kochi to deal with the water crisis in the city. This is a first time ever in India that a local self government is developing its own local water policy under the purview of the National and State water policies.

Water audit at the city scale helps to understand the potential sources, the ward wise and sector wise demand for water and the spatial variation of scarcity in the corporation area. 

Kochi Water Policy

Recommendations for Kerala e-mobility policy

Kerala has a high vehicle population of over more than 10 million vehicles on the road. These vehicles roughly benefit 20 percent of the total population of Kerala, the rest 80 percent depend upon public transport and shared mobility systems. Catering to all these demands, the state has reached a point where the pollution is on the rise and global warming poses a negative impact on the state. According to Air Quality Index, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram and Thrissur are the three districts where the air quality has gone from good to moderate. The pollution and accidents on roads have increased because of the increase in number of vehicles and there is a real need to tackle the situation. As a result, the solution formulated by us is the introduction of Electric Vehicles (EVs). EVs promise lesser emissions and noise and supports shared mobility system. The number of vehicles on the road is expected to get reduced with the introduction of modern shared transport systems like Electric Buses and e- Auto rickshaws. They will provide comfortable and fatigue free ride, with no polluting gases, and much reduced vibration and noise. This will attract vehicle owners to move to shared mobility. Calicut, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram are selected as pilot cities because of their connectivity and geographical position. The strategic positioning of these cities gives us an advantage to implement the policy in a way that it reaches more people and connects to them with ease.

Download the document

Cochin Book

Known as the economic capital of the state of Kerala, the city of Cochin has a vibrant cultural landscape. This city is unique in its own way. Here one can see the ancient civilization merging with modern life.

c-hed  has brought out a book on Cochin. This book is an attempt to bring information related to this city’s birth, growth and spread in a concise form. Here, emphasis has been given to historical data pertaining to the city and its nearby areas.

This book also allows us to have a glimpse of the land of Cochin and its surroundings.

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To download the Cochin book, please click here

Mosques of Cochin

The  historic port-city of Cochin located on the Malabar coast in the state of Kerala, has some of the very first vernacular mosques, which reveals a distinctive bequest.The surviving mosques of Cochin are a part of the rich cultural history of the Malabar Coast of India. It stands as powerful visible expression of integration of two different cultures. Many of these fine old mosques have recently been demolished or remodeled, and replaced by  concrete Cochin-11-jpg_085952MosquesofCochin04structures.

” Mosques of Cochin” documents the surviving vernacular mosques, highlighting the beauty and historical importance of the mosque architecture of Kerala. The book aims at bringing greater recognition to these remarkable structures constructed by merchants, laborers and artisans. It also brings to our notice the vernacular heritage and its architecture that remained vernacularly secular in spirit. The book brings recognition to these vernacular mosques as highly valued resources.

Heritage Bylaw

Conserving and preserving the rich heritage of our composite culture  are the fundamental duties of a citizen. The absence of a legal framework in the city had led to rampant violations andheritage1 demolitions of the heritage structures in the heritage zone of Fort Cochin. With an increase in such breach, the Kochi Municipal Corporation planned to approach the Government of Kerala to curb the atrocities. In this regard a heritage bylaw was prepared for managing and saving the cities most valued heritage buildings. Cochin is one of the first cities to make a concrete move for conserving and protecting its rich heritage lineage.

The c-hed for Kochi Municipal Corporation had validated a Heritage Draft Bylaw and brought in necessary amendments for the preservation of natural and cultural heritage. This draft bylaw passed by the Corporation Council, touches upon the tangible and intangible heritage as well as natural heritage of the city. The bylaw was validated by including the guidelines of the Archaeological Survey of India and the existing building rules.

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Solid Waste Management – Handling Rules

The Queen of the Arabian Sea, this commercial capital of Kerala, is a major tourist destination of the country. The city of Cochin has the highest population density parameter. Ranked as tenth among Indian cities in terms of urban households constructed, this metropolitan is facing serious issues of pollution and waste management. The city of Cochin and its suburbs are in a state of rapid urbanization and as any other developing cities in India, is facing urbanization issues.

The Kochi Municipal Corporation had proposed a Solid Waste Management bylaw that gave a legal frame work for the management of solid waste of the city. It was proposed to streamline municipal solid waste collection, segregation and processing and for fixing the duties and responsibilities of officials of the civic body as well as the public.

The c-hed had provided the academic support for the preparation of this bylaw for the Kochi Municipal Corporation.




Vision Document

The metropolitan of Cochin had been facing infrastructural, functional and economic problems over a period of time. In order to overcome this scenario, the c-hed had coordinated and organized a four day vision  workshop for formulation of a vision document and strategic planning  for the city of Cochin for the next 20 years. This important document has been brought out in the form of a book.

The vision document provides the development direction in the short, medium and long time perspective and facilitates the articulation of development projects. It also focuses on  setting up of three major sub-centers, five zonal centers, development of inter-city bus terminal to shift the KSRTC bus stand, shifting of the wholesale market out of the corporation boundary, development of heritage zone, road widening, strict regulation of land use and development of six major roads.

This document was prepared on the basis of over 100 papers presented by experts at different sessions during the vision workshop. This document also focuses on substantial improvement of inland navigation routes and landing facilities in the city for passenger and goods traffic.

Cochin Roads

Many cities in India, including the city of Cochin, are facing rapid increase in urbanization that has resulted in the development of vast areas as urban extensions. Many roads are being laid in an incremental manner to cater to growing needs of a large populace. Cochin however is one of the few cities in India, blessed with connection to other parts by all major modes of transport.

However, the development of road infrastructure is not keeping pace with the increase in traffic.

Cochin Roads, a detailed book on the management, operation and maintenance of the roads of Cochin city has been brought out in this regard.